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Chungará (Arica)

On-line version ISSN 0717-7356

Abstract

ROTHHAMMER, Paula et al. LOW RISK OF ATTENTION DEFICIT / HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER IN AYMARA CHILDREN: GENETIC, ANTHROPOLOGICAL, AND CULTURAL IMPLICATIONS. Chungará (Arica) [online]. 2005, vol.37, n.2, pp.145-149. ISSN 0717-7356.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-73562005000200004.

The distribution of scores on the Conners Scale which is used to diagnose attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is studied in children of the "José Abelardo Núñez" school of San Miguel de Azapa, Arica, Chile with the purpose of developing early diagnostic strategies to prevent ADHD which is frequently associated with high risk conducts, like the use of addictive substances. Aymara girls and boys rated significantly lower when compared to non-Aymará children. The genetic, anthropological and cultural implications of these findings are discussed, concluding that an interaction of cultural and genetic factors is probably responsible for our findings in agreement with the multifactorial etiology generally assigned to ADHD

Keywords : Aymara children; low prevalence of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder; multifactorial etiology.

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