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vol.37 issue2LOW RISK OF ATTENTION DEFICIT / HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER IN AYMARA CHILDREN: GENETIC, ANTHROPOLOGICAL, AND CULTURAL IMPLICATIONSTHE NATURE OF VILLAGE EXPANSION DURING THE LATE FORMATIVE PERIOD IN THE ATACAMA BASIN author indexsubject indexarticles search
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Chungará (Arica)

On-line version ISSN 0717-7356

Abstract

LEONI, Juan B.. MOUNTAIN WORSHIP IN THE PRE-INCA ANDES: THE CASE OF ÑAWINPUKYO (AYACUCHO, PERU) IN THE EARLY INTERMEDIATE PERIOD. Chungará (Arica) [online]. 2005, vol.37, n.2, pp.151-164. ISSN 0717-7356.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-73562005000200005.

Mountain worship plays a central role in the cosmology and religion of traditional Andean societies, as numerous ethnographic studies, ethnohistorical sources, and high altitude archaeological remains show. It is generally assumed that beliefs and practices associated with mountain worship have deep temporal roots, dating back to centuries or even millennia before the Incas. However, the forms this veneration took and its socio-political role are not so well-known. In this paper I present an archaeological case that shows that mountain worship was a key part of the religion of the inhabitants of the Ñawinpukyo site (Ayacucho Valley, Peru) during the Early Intermediate Period (ca. A.D. 0_550/600). I argue that the ceremonies meant to honor a main regional mountain deity constituted an important integrative mechanism for the local community, possibly playing an integrative role on the broader regional level as well

Keywords : Mountain worship; ceremonial architecture; pre-inca period; Ayacucho.

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