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Chungará (Arica)

versión On-line ISSN 0717-7356

Resumen

MENDEZ M, César A  y  JACKSON S, Donald G. CAUSALITY OR CO-OCCURRENCE, RELATIONS BETWEEN ENVIRONMENTAL AND SOCIAL CHANGE AMONG HUNTER GATHERERS DURING MID TO LATE HOLOCENE TRANSITION (SEMIARID COAST OF CHILE). Chungará (Arica) [online]. 2006, vol.38, n.2, pp.172-184. ISSN 0717-7356.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-73562006000200002.

Palaeoenvironmental research along the Chilean semiarid coast line (31º50'S) has revealed interesting contemporaneous trends in the transition from arid to humid phases, and differences in intensity of human occupation in the area. Even though environmental variation is contemporary to changes in settlement and mobility patterns, these do not fully explain modifications observed in the archaeological record. In this paper, we discuss settlement patterns and mobility during Mid to Late Holocene, a well-documented period from the local pollen record (post ~6,100 cal. years B.P.), on the basis of contextual variables, radiocarbon chronology, zooarchaeological record and artifact assemblages. Our objective is to assess environmental "causality" versus "co-occurrence" as factors responsible for changes in hunter gatherers' conduct in the study area. Finally, we propose cultural change as the result of several integrated variables operating contemporaneously

Palabras clave : Hunter gatherers and environment; mobility; social responses.

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