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Chungará (Arica)

versión On-line ISSN 0717-7356

Resumen

RODRIGUEZ, María Fernanda; RUGOLO DE AGRASAR, Zulma E  y  ASCHERO, Carlos A. USE OF PLANTS IN DOMESTIC UNITS AT THE ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITE OF PUNTA DE LA PEÑA 4, A PUNA IN SOUTHERN ARGENTINA. Chungará (Arica) [online]. 2006, vol.38, n.2, pp.257-271. ISSN 0717-7356.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-73562006000200009.

The use of vegetable resources -both native and cultivated- in the prehistoric past were analyzed from botanical remnants recovered at the archaeological site of Punta de la Peña 4, layer 3, dated to ca. 760-560 B.P. The site is located near the village of Antofagasta de la Sierra, Catamarca, Argentina (26° 11' 16'' S and 67° 20' 51.3'' W) at an altitude of`3,650 m. It is part of the Southern Argentinean Puna (basin in the higher Andes) and due to environmental characteristics and human behavior patterns, it is regarded as part of the Salty Puna. Besides identifying specific plant species from the site, the authors discuss possible uses of these species considering the recovered context at the archaeological site and ethnobotanical information. Also an evaluation was made of the relative importance of cultivated plant species for the domestic economy. The comparative anatomical and morphological analyses of present day and archaeological plants allowed for the identification of the latter. Seeds and fruit of cultivated species of the genera Chenopodium, Phaseolus and Zea as well as the remains of native grasses, such as Deyeuxia and other herbaceous plant species, were identified. This is the first discovery of cultigens (macroremains) in the area, and the relationship between these and native species in layer 3 is interesting

Palabras clave : Plant species resources; archaeobotanical record; Puna; paleoenvironment; Chenopodium; Phaseolus; Zea; Deyeuxia.

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