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Chungará (Arica)

On-line version ISSN 0717-7356


NEME, Gustavo  and  GIL, Adolfo. HUMAN BIOGEOGRAPHY IN THE SOUTHERN ANDES: SOUTHERN MENDOZA ARCHAEOLOGICAL TRENDS. Chungará (Arica) [online]. 2008, vol.40, n.1, pp.5-18. ISSN 0717-7356.

The biogeographic model of Southern Andes is presented in order to understand some aspect of the archaeological record from the Southern Mendoza (Argentina). The theoretical concept of explorations, colonization and effective occupation are employed to explain the temporal and spatial difference showed for the archaeological record. The environmental heterogeneity of the area is considered in order to propose a ranking to human exploitation. The radiocarbon date show a differential chronology to the different regions while the obsidian show that some area not human occupied until Late Holocene was exploited at least in its raw lithic from the Middle Holocene. The model presents some perspective to future research and it has hard potential to empirical refutation.

Keywords : Human biogeography; marginal areas; Southern Andes; Central West of Argentina; hunter gatherer.

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