SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.40 issue1HUMAN BIOGEOGRAPHY IN THE SOUTHERN ANDES: SOUTHERN MENDOZA ARCHAEOLOGICAL TRENDSHEAD LICE EGGS, ANTHROPOPHTHIRUS CAPITIS, FROM MUMMIES OF THE CHINCHORRO TRADITION, CAMARONES 15-D, NORTHERN CHILE author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand

Journal

Article

Indicators

Related links

Share


Chungará (Arica)

On-line version ISSN 0717-7356

Abstract

VILCHES, Flora; REES, Charles  and  SILVA, Claudia. ARCHAEOLOGY OF NITRATE SETTLEMENTS IN THE ANTOFAGASTA REGION (1880-1930): SUMMARY AND PERSPECTIVES. Chungará (Arica) [online]. 2008, vol.40, n.1, pp.19-30. ISSN 0717-7356.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-73562008000100003.

The development of the nitrate industry made a great impact not only worldwide but locally in the desertic pampa, between the end of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th centuries. Along with introducing a new system of production, it created a new system of social relations which produced a specific kind of cultural materiality. Systematic archaeological studies on the nitrate cycle are limited to scattered efforts in the 1980s and in the last five years, all of them in the Antofagasta region. In this article we summarize those studies evidencing the clear preference for the study of prehistoric over historical, let alone industrial, archaeology in Chile. Departing from a world historical-capitalist archaeology already consolidated, we also discuss the ways in which the very formalization of an industrial archaeology of nitrate could contribute to give voice to groups that are marginalized from dominant discourses. Archaeology may offer parallel and complementary evidence on the nitrate cycle to the one offered by history, literature, sociology and most recently anthropology; these disciplines have all had written and/or oral documents as main sources, and have privileged the “oficina” and Tarapacá territory as analytical guidelines.

Keywords : Historical archaeology; nitrate; Antofagasta; nitrate settlements.

        · abstract in Spanish     · text in Spanish     · Spanish ( pdf )

 

Creative Commons License All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License