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vol.40 issue1ARCHAEOLOGY OF NITRATE SETTLEMENTS IN THE ANTOFAGASTA REGION (1880-1930): SUMMARY AND PERSPECTIVESCRANIAL DEFORMATION AS THE CAUSE OF DEATH FOR A CHILD FROM THE CHILLON RIVER VALLEY, PERU author indexsubject indexarticles search
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Chungará (Arica)

On-line version ISSN 0717-7356

Abstract

RIVERA, Mario A; MUMCUOGLU, Kosta Y; MATHENY, Ray T  and  MATHENY, Deanne G. HEAD LICE EGGS, ANTHROPOPHTHIRUS CAPITIS, FROM MUMMIES OF THE CHINCHORRO TRADITION, CAMARONES 15-D, NORTHERN CHILE. Chungará (Arica) [online]. 2008, vol.40, n.1, pp.31-39. ISSN 0717-7356.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-73562008000100004.

Hair samples from seven mummies from Camarones 15-D site, Chile, carbon-dated to ca. 2,000 B.C. were examined for the presence of head lice. In six hair samples eggs of the head louse (Anthropophthirus capitis) were found. A total of 460 eggs were isolated of which 108 (30.7%) were operculated, meaning that they were freshly laid eggs, which had not hatched before the host died. In one hair sample, 98 operculated and 265 non-operculated eggs were isolated. No nymphal or adult stages of the head louse could be found in the examined material.

Keywords : Head lice; Anthropophthirus capitis; louse eggs; mummies; Chinchorro tradition; North Chile.

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