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vol.43 número2LOS OTROS ARRIEROS DE LOS VALLES, LA PUNA Y EL DESIERTO DE ATACAMAASENTAMIENTO, AGRICULTURA Y PASTORALISMO DURANTE EL PERIODO FORMATIVO EN EL VALLE DEL COLCA, PERÚ índice de autoresíndice de materiabúsqueda de artículos
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Chungará (Arica)

versión On-line ISSN 0717-7356

Resumen

PLANELLA, María Teresa; SCHERSON, Rosa  y  MCROSTIE, Virginia. NEW EVIDENCE ON THE USE OF INITIAL CULTIGENS BY THE HUNTER- GATHERER GROUPS OF THE ARCHAIC IV PERIOD AT EL PLOMO, ALTO MAIPO, CENTRAL CHILE. Chungará (Arica) [online]. 2011, vol.43, n.2, pp.189-202. ISSN 0717-7356.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-73562011000200003.

Recent archaeological research in the Andean highlands of Central Chile provides evidence that hunter-gatherers of the Archaic IV period incorporated knowledge and use of initial cultigens into their subsistence system. At the archaeological site of El Plomo (3,460-3,340 years cal BP), located at 2,070 m above sea level, charred and desiccated small fruits of Chenopodium (cf. Chenopodium quinoa), ranging from 0,8 to 1mm in diameter, have been documented. Morphological analyses performed on the desiccated fruits suggest that their sizes parallel those of Chenopodium pallidicaule or cañihua, or correspond to an early variety of quinoa. The absence of testa or other diagnostic characteristics of these fruits makes any secure species identification difficult. This new finding opens a new line in the discussion of Chenopodium domestication in Central Chile. Additionally, we propose that other plant resources that had not been considered as foodstuffs by scholars in previous studies were used by the late huntergatherers in this region. The Alto Maipo location in Central Chile is suggested to have been an ecological and cultural threshold where hunter-gatherers of the Archaic IV period introduced a significant innovation into their basic subsistence system.

Palabras clave : Hunter-gatherers; Late Archaic; initial cultigens; Chenopodium; Andean highlands Central Chile.

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