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vol.43 número2COMPOSICIÓN y MORFOLOGÍA DE CABELLO HUMANO ARQUEOLÓGICO y CONTEMPORÁNEOPASADO Y PRESENTE DE LA ENFERMEDAD DE CHAGAS EN EL NORTE DE CHILE índice de autoresíndice de materiabúsqueda de artículos
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Chungará (Arica)

versión On-line ISSN 0717-7356

Resumen

ARAUJO, Adauto et al. PALEOEPIDEMIOLOGY OF INTESTINAL PARASITES AND LICE IN PRE-COLUMBIAN SOUTH AMERICA. Chungará (Arica) [online]. 2011, vol.43, n.2, pp.303-313. ISSN 0717-7356.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-73562011000200011.

Some human parasites originated in prehominid ancestors in Africa. Nematode species, such as Enterobius vermicularis (pinworm), hookworms and Trichuris trichiura are shared by humans and other close phylogenetic primates (Pan and Gorilla), showing that they infected a common ancestor to this group. When humans migrated from Africa to other continents they carried these parasites wherever climate conditions allowed parasite transmission from host to host. Other parasites, however, were acquired throughout human biological and social evolutive history when new territories were occupied. Paleoparasitology data is a valuable source to recover emergence and disappearance of parasite infections through analysis of archaeological remains. Parasites can be used as biological markers of prehistoric human migrations. They are also indicators of diet, as parasite life cycles are related to specific kinds of food consumed by human groups in the different habitats they occupied. We review paleoparasitological findings in South America, comparing human-host and intestinal parasites with life conditions and environmental relationships through time.

Palabras clave : Paleoparasitology; coprolites; mummies; infectious diseases; ancient diseases; parasite-human evolution.

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