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vol.44 número4UN TIGRE EN EL VALLE: VIALIDAD, ARQUITECTURA Y RITUALIDAD INCAICA EN LA CUENCA SUPERIOR DEL RÍO ACONCAGUAALFARERÍA CON IMPRONTAS DE HOJAS POR TÉCNICA DE RESERVA EN LA PATAGONIA NOROCCIDENTAL ARGENTINA Y CENTRO-SUR DE CHILE: EXPERIMENTACIÓN, ASPECTOS ESTILÍSTICOS E HIPÓTESIS FUNCIONALES índice de autoresíndice de materiabúsqueda de artículos
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Chungará (Arica)

versión On-line ISSN 0717-7356

Resumen

MUNOZ OVALLE, Iván. WATER AND MONUMENTALITY IN THE AZAPA VALLEY: INDICATORS FOR LAND USE AMONG ALTO RAMÍREZ PEOPLE, FORMATIVE PERIOD, NORTH OF CHILE. Chungará (Arica) [online]. 2012, vol.44, n.4, pp.571-591. ISSN 0717-7356.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-73562012000400003.

The archaeological research reported here has two primary developments. First, a bibliographic study was carried out on the survival and lifeways of the Alto Ramírez people and the water resources that drain from the low mountain slopes of the Azapa Valley, in the context of survival and Alto Ramírez ways of living. Second, the function of the tombs was discussed as sacred spaces, where incipient agricultural groups were buried. From a methodology point of view related to water resources, every slope in the valley is described, as well as the quality of water used for farming purposes. As complementary information, the importance of these resources to Europeans also is considered. As for funerary structures, four nodal types were built and are described here. Discussion of previous works also are presented, especially those focused on tomb excavations and descriptions. Based on data obtained from these two approaches, the functionality of tombs as sacred spaces of buried ancestors is also analyzed, as well as those conditions that developed the tombs as territorial markers and identity markers of Formative Alto Ramírez villages. These spaces are then related to the productive spaces, where the water was located.

Palabras clave : Water; funeral tumbs; first farmers; buildings.

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