SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.45 issue1HEMATITE MINING ON THE SOUTH COAST OF PERU: ARCHAEOLOGICAL INVESTIGATIONS AT MINA PRIMAVERAMINES AND MINERS: METALS IN SEDIMENTS AND HUMAN REMAINS FROM SOUTHERN SIERRA GORDA, QUERÉTARO, MEXICO author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand

Journal

Article

Indicators

Related links

Share


Chungará (Arica)

On-line version ISSN 0717-7356

Abstract

SEPULVEDA, Marcela et al. MANGANESE OXIDE IN NORTHERNMOST CHILE: BLACK COLOR PROCUREMENT, PRODUCTION AND MOBILITY DURING THE ARCHAIC PERIOD. Chungará (Arica) [online]. 2013, vol.45, n.1, pp.143-159. ISSN 0717-7356.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-73562013000100007.

Evidence of the use of manganese oxides in the northernmost area of Chile has been dated as early as the Archaic Period (ca. 11,500-4,000 cal. BP). In the lowland coastal zone and valleys, this material is usually associated with the hunting, gathering and fishing Chinchorro groups that used this substance in the processes of artificial mummification as well as for naturally mummifies corpses. In the highlands, manganese oxide has been identified in rock shelters occupied by highland hunter-gatherer and used in rock art painting, attributed to this period. Additionally, the geology of the region indicates that manganese oxides would have come from the highlands. Given this set of information, and the results of the elemental analyses of pigments and paints from archaeological context, we discuss about the production or "chaîne opératoire" of black color from manganese ore, the cryptomelane. Also, different alternatives of procurement and mobility of manganese oxides developed by archaic societies from this region are proposed.

Keywords : Manganese oxide; Archaic Period; Northern Chile; production of color; mobility.

        · abstract in Spanish     · text in Spanish     · Spanish ( pdf )

 

Creative Commons License All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License