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vol.45 número1MINERÍA DE HEMATITA EN LA COSTA SUR DEL PERÚ: INVESTIGACIONES ARQUEOLÓGICAS EN MINA PRIMAVERAMINAS Y MINEROS: PRESENCIA DE METALES EN SEDIMENTOS Y RESTOS HUMANOS AL SUR DE LA SIERRA GORDA DE QUERÉTARO EN MÉXICO índice de autoresíndice de materiabúsqueda de artículos
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Chungará (Arica)

versión On-line ISSN 0717-7356

Resumen

SEPULVEDA, Marcela et al. MANGANESE OXIDE IN NORTHERNMOST CHILE: BLACK COLOR PROCUREMENT, PRODUCTION AND MOBILITY DURING THE ARCHAIC PERIOD. Chungará (Arica) [online]. 2013, vol.45, n.1, pp.143-159. ISSN 0717-7356.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-73562013000100007.

Evidence of the use of manganese oxides in the northernmost area of Chile has been dated as early as the Archaic Period (ca. 11,500-4,000 cal. BP). In the lowland coastal zone and valleys, this material is usually associated with the hunting, gathering and fishing Chinchorro groups that used this substance in the processes of artificial mummification as well as for naturally mummifies corpses. In the highlands, manganese oxide has been identified in rock shelters occupied by highland hunter-gatherer and used in rock art painting, attributed to this period. Additionally, the geology of the region indicates that manganese oxides would have come from the highlands. Given this set of information, and the results of the elemental analyses of pigments and paints from archaeological context, we discuss about the production or "chaîne opératoire" of black color from manganese ore, the cryptomelane. Also, different alternatives of procurement and mobility of manganese oxides developed by archaic societies from this region are proposed.

Palabras clave : Manganese oxide; Archaic Period; Northern Chile; production of color; mobility.

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