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vol.45 issue1MINES AND MINERS: METALS IN SEDIMENTS AND HUMAN REMAINS FROM SOUTHERN SIERRA GORDA, QUERÉTARO, MEXICO author indexsubject indexarticles search
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Chungará (Arica)

On-line version ISSN 0717-7356

Abstract

FIGULS, Alfons et al. THE FIRST MINING EXPLOITATION OF ROCK SALT: THE "VALL SALINA" OF CARDONA (CATALONIA, SPAIN). Chungará (Arica) [online]. 2013, vol.45, n.1, pp.177-195. ISSN 0717-7356.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-73562013000100009.

This article presents results concerning the earliest exploitation of rock salt in Europe at the Muntanya de Sal, Cardona (Spain), a unique salt mountain in Western Europe. This mining activity began c. 4,500-4,200 B.C. and was an open quarry during the Catalan Middle Neolithic. We analysed 225 polished stone tools to determine the processes of production used in the Vall Salina and the mechanical processes used in salt extraction. Finally, we stress the importance of the exchanges and the trade during the Middle Neolithic and the socio-economical value of rock salt from Cardona.

Keywords : Cardona; Catalonia; polished stone industry; Neolithic; salt; exchange.

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