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vol.45 issue2ANALYSES OF STABLE ISOTOPES IN CAMELIDS COLLAGEN BONES FROM TULÁN RAVINE, ATACAMA PUNA, EARLY FORMATIVE PERIOD: CA. 3,100-2,400 BP author indexsubject indexarticles search
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Chungará (Arica)

On-line version ISSN 0717-7356

Abstract

UMIRE ALVAREZ, Adán. CHINCHORRO FUNERARY CHARACTERISTICS ALONG THE COAST OF SOUTHERN PERU. Chungará (Arica) [online]. 2013, vol.45, n.2, pp.209-235. ISSN 0717-7356.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-73562013000200002.

A hypothesis is presented that there is a correspondence of Chinchorro funerary features from northern Chile to southern Peru that includes collective and extended burials in Ilo (southern Peru) as part of the Chinchorro tradition. Summarized are two positions addressed in recent years; one focused on Chinchorro cultural elements linked to external influences, and the other focused on internal characteristics. Burials have been located in southern Peru (Villa del Mar, Kilómetro 4 and Yara) with features common to the natural mummies of Arica, but with variations not previously seen in burials from the northern coast of Chile. These unique characteristics include: (a) ring of stones around the head, (b) location of the hand on the pubis, and (c) skulls at the sides of the extended body. Three possibilities need to be considered: (a) that the Chinchorro burial tradition has not yet been characterized outside the nuclear area (Arica), (b) that the differences indicate a minimal presence of Chinchorro components in the area of Ilo; or (c) that the southernmost coast of Peru, is at the confluence of different funerary traditions, with burials representing mixed mortuary characteristics of the Chinchorro and of those from the Central Andes.

Keywords : Funeral features; Chinchorro tradition; south coast of Peru; Yara.

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