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Chungará (Arica)

On-line version ISSN 0717-7356

Abstract

WAWRZYK, Ana Celeste  and  VILA, Bibiana Leonor. PASTORAL DYNAMIC IN TWO COMMUNITIES IN THE PUNA IN JUJUY, ARGENTINA: LAGUNILLAS DEL FARALLÓN AND SURIPUJIO. Chungará (Arica) [online]. 2013, vol.45, n.2, pp.349-362. ISSN 0717-7356.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-73562013000200010.

This paper presents a comparative analysis of pastoral dynamics in two different communities located in the puna or altiplano of Jujuy in order to identify the strategies employed to reduce the risk and uncertainty associated with pastoralism. Lagunillas del Farallón is located in the northwest extreme of the altiplano of Jujuy and the local pastoralists breed llamas and goats with a summer rotation. Suripujio is located in the northeast of the altiplano and this local pastoralists breed llamas and sheep with high mobility between different altitudinal environments. Among the strategies used by pastoralists we have identified: transhumance, diversity of herds, and the use of different altitudinal habitats. Here, we demonstrate that both communities use the same strategies with some differences that are mainly influenced by the availability of resources (pasture and water) at different times of the year, the ethological characteristics of the species used, the available labor, and the presence of predators in the grazing areas.

Keywords : Andean pastoralists; pastoral dynamics; Jujuy altiplano; productive strategies.

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