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vol.46 número1CERÁMICA Y CONTEXTOS DE TRÁNSITO EN LA RUTA CALAMA-QUILLAGUA, VÍA CHUG-CHUG, DESIERTO DE ATACAMA, NORTE DE CHILE índice de autoresíndice de materiabúsqueda de artículos
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Chungará (Arica)

versión On-line ISSN 0717-7356


CABELLO, Gloria  y  GALLARDO, Francisco. KEY ICONS OF FORMATIVE IN TARAPACÁ (CHILE): TAMENTICA'S ROCK ART AND ITS REGIONAL DISTRIBUTION. Chungará (Arica) [online]. 2014, vol.46, n.1, pp.11-24. ISSN 0717-7356.

This article provides a new look at the emblematic site of Tamentica (Guatacondo Canyon, northern Chile). We describe and systematize three rock art motifs which, because of their redundancy and variability, we consider key icons of the Formative Period in Tarapacá, namely: the Anthropomorphic Being with Dentate Headdress, the Bird with Extended Wings, and the Manned Sea Lion Hide Raft. We also review the distribution of these icons on other materials from Tarapacá to Antofagasta. Finally, we discuss the potential role of these icons in their social context, as human groups were undergoing new processes of economic intensification, increasing sedentary life, and population nucleation, which required from the inhabitants of the oases, canyons, coast and highlands to find new ways of interaction between them.

Palabras clave : Key icons; Formative Period; rock art; Tamentica; Tarapacá.

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