SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.46 número1EL CONTEXTO SOCIOHISTÓRICO DE LAS INVESTIGACIONES DE SAMUEL K. LOTHROP EN EL DELTA DEL PARANÁ, ARGENTINAENFERMEDAD ARTICULAR DEGENERATIVA Y CAMBIOS ENTESIALES EN SEIS COLECCIONES ÓSEAS PREHISPÁNICAS DEL NOROCCIDENTE DE AMÉRICA DEL SUR índice de autoresíndice de materiabúsqueda de artículos
Home Pagelista alfabética de revistas  

Servicios Personalizados

Revista

Articulo

Indicadores

Links relacionados

Compartir


Chungará (Arica)

versión On-line ISSN 0717-7356

Resumen

ROTHHAMMER, Francisco. EARLY FUNERARY COMPLEXITY ON CHILE'S NORTHERN COAST: ORIGIN, DEVELOPMENT, FUNCTIONALITY AND ANTHROPOLOGICAL RELEVANCE. Chungará (Arica) [online]. 2014, vol.46, n.1, pp.145-152. ISSN 0717-7356.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-73562014000100009.

This essay discusses hypotheses about the biological origin and the embalming techniques developed by Archaic Chinchorro maritime hunter-gatherers. Recent publications on this subject are critically analyzed and used as a starting point to put forward related hypotheses. Based on recent evidence, it is not possible to claim that the Chinchorro are direct descendants of Early Archaic Acha fishermen and reject a priori that they underwent possible miscegenation with neighboring groups ca. 7,000 BP. On the other hand, there is not sufficient evidence available to postulate that the embalming technique developed by the Chinchorro has a highland and / or tropical forest origin. Models proposed to explain the onset of embalming do not accommodate the fact that only some bodies underwent this process. This casts doubt on the idea that the Chinchorro were an egalitarian society and precludes discussion of the possible existence of social strata. The special characteristics of the interventions on the dead bodies could have allowed family members to extend the social death of their deceased relatives, moving them to small coves where they established their temporary residence on the coast. It is likely that the discontinuation of the practice of embalming was related to the arrival in the coastal valleys of highland groups, which introduced different lifestyles, including the first agricultural practices. The fact that the embalming techniques denote the emergence of early artistic activities of ideological nature, not directly related to the struggle for survival, is one of the most outstanding cultural features of the Chinchorro.

Palabras clave : Atacama Desert coast; Chinchorro Culture; embalming; social strata.

        · resumen en Español     · texto en Español     · Español ( pdf )