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Chungará (Arica)

versión On-line ISSN 0717-7356

Resumen

BARABAS, Alicia M. INDIGENOUS TERRITORIALITY IN CONTEMPORARY MEXICO. Chungará (Arica) [online]. 2014, vol.46, n.3, pp.437-452. ISSN 0717-7356.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-73562014000300008.

From the operative conceptualization of space, territory, ethno-territory and sacred place, I will try to present some aspects of the process of symbolic appropriation of the historic territories by the indigenous cultures of Oaxaca and other regions of México. A keystone element in the social construction of ethno-territories is the historical coexistence of indigenous communities and their environments. Nevertheless, national legislation about indigenous peoples and agrarian legislation are in stark contrast to indigenous conceptions of territories and are prejudicial to their territorial rights. The central part of the article is the approach to the complex symbolic concept of 'sacred mountain' as a space of ethnic affiliation, of relationship with extra-human entities, especially in ritual activities, and of supply of all the goods, both natural and industrialized, necessary for human life. This 'geosymbol' and the notion of cardinality, collaborate in the indigenous identification and signification of centers and frontiers, as can be observed in the narrative and ritual dimensions.

Palabras clave : Indigenous peoples of México; ethno-territories; symbolic appropriation; mythology; rituals.

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