SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.46 número4LO PROPIO Y LO AJENO: DEFINICIÓN DEL ESTILO SAN PEDRO EN LA PARAFERNALIA ALUCINÓGENA DE LOS OASIS DEL SALAR DE ATACAMA índice de autoresíndice de materiabúsqueda de artículos
Home Pagelista alfabética de revistas  

Servicios Personalizados

Revista

Articulo

Indicadores

Links relacionados

  • En proceso de indezaciónCitado por Google
  • No hay articulos similaresSimilares en SciELO
  • En proceso de indezaciónSimilares en Google

Compartir


Chungará (Arica)

versión On-line ISSN 0717-7356

Resumen

MCROSTIE B, Virginia. ARBORICULTURE AND SILVOPASTORALISM DURING THE FORMATIVE PERIOD (1,400 BC-500 AD) OF THE SALAR DE ATACAMA BASIN. Chungará (Arica) [online]. 2014, vol.46, n.4, pp.543-557. ISSN 0717-7356.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-73562014000400002.

Several hypotheses and models have been put forward about the role played by agriculture, horticulture, gathering, hunting and herding of camels during the Formative period (1,400 BC-500AD) in the oases of the Salar de Atacama and the Middle Loa. This article re-assessed these proposals in light of new data obtained mainly from the analysis of microfossils attached to lithic hoes, grinding instruments and, to a lesser extent,from different isotopes (d13Ccol, d13Cap, d15N, d18O, S^/Sr86). The data is interpreted from a theoreticalperspective that emphasizes risk and nonlinear evolution in human-plant interaction. I discuss the functionality of the instruments analyzed and the management of wild resources such as cacti and sedges, as well as unidentified tubers. From an archaeobotanical perspective I suggest that algarrobo (Prosopis) forests are not native to the area, but were the product of a formative arboriculture possibly linked to a silvopastoralist economy in the oases. Both proposals reconsider the cultural and ecological history of the area, and enrich the discussion of the Formative and of the biogeography of Prosopis in the Americas.

Palabras clave : Microfossils; isotopes; arboriculture; silvopastoralism; human-plant interaction; Formative.

        · resumen en Español     · texto en Español     · Español ( pdf )

 

Creative Commons License Todo el contenido de esta revista, excepto dónde está identificado, está bajo una Licencia Creative Commons