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Chungará (Arica)

versión On-line ISSN 0717-7356

Resumen

ROSSO, Cintia N. INDIGENOUS CELEBRATIONS FROM HISTORICAL ETHNOBOTANY POINT OF VIEW: THE CASE OF THE MOCOVÍES OF SAN JAVIER MISSION DURING THE XVIIITH CENTURY. Chungará (Arica) [online]. 2015, vol.47, n.4, pp.645-657.  Epub 29-Oct-2015. ISSN 0717-7356.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-73562015005000049.

The aim of this paper is to analyze the role of fermented beverages in celebrations from the point of view of historical ethnobotany. It takes into account how Mocovies Indians settled in San Javier interacted with surrounding plant species in their environment and how these plants were used and understood during the rituals. Indigenous celebrations reinforced the bonds of society while ensuring the reproduction of the same, decision-making processes, and political alliances. These celebrations were called "borracheras" in historical sources written by missionaries, writers, and travellers because the consumption of fermented drinks that took place during these festivities was intimidating to Europeans who saw in it the origin and the encouragement of the evils such as lust, leisure, and violence. The negative ideas that Europeans associated with these celebrations justified their erradication in the context of the Jesuit Missions because they represented a space to question the order that Europeans were attempting to impose.

Palabras clave : Mocovíes; XVIIIth century; historical ethnobotany; fermented beverages.

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