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Chungará (Arica)

versión On-line ISSN 0717-7356

Resumen

SAINTENOY, Thibault. ARCHAEOLOGY OF THE LLAQTAS OF THE APURÍMAC VALLEY: A CONTRIBUTION TO THE STUDY OF THE TERRITORIALITY OF THE MOUNTAINOUS VILLAGE COMMUNITIES IN THE PREHISPANIC ANDES. Chungará (Arica) [online]. 2016, vol.48, n.2, pp.147-172.  Epub 13-Abr-2016. ISSN 0717-7356.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-73562016005000014.

A classic interest among archaeological regional studies is identifying communities based on the socio-spatial organization of a territory. In the Andes, the problem is topical due to the flexibility of the vernacular concept of ayllu, in terms of its demographic and identitarian scale, as it appears in ethnohistoric and ethnographic sources; and because of the interdigitated and discontinuous spatiality of the territories described by these sources. The analysis of the late pre-Hispanic settlement pattern (XI to XVI century AD) of the Apurímac valley (Cuzco, Peru), presents itself as an opportunity to contribute in this classic discussion. Based on both archaeological surveys and ethnographic data, this article deals with the territorial structure of the village communities of one of the deepest Andean valleys located at the foot of the Vilcabamba Cordillera. The study combines geospatial modeling, cultural ecology, landscape archaeology and ethnographic analogy to suggest a multi-factorial and multi-scalar reading of settlement patterns. At the local scale, analysis and modeling show a kind of recurrent settlement network that could form a socio-spatial scheme of the Andean dispersed village community. At the regional scale, the study shows, according to a bottom-up perspective, the heterogeneity of the valley occupation which corresponds to the complex geopolitical context depicted in the ethnohistorical sources about this intermediate area located close to the Inca heartland. From a theoretical point of view, the data allows a reflection about the territorial basis of the late pre-Hispanic village communities.

Palabras clave : Territoriality; community; settlement pattern; settlement network; Late Intermediate Period; Inca.

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