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vol.48 número4ORGANIZACIÓN DEL ESPACIO Y USO DE LOS RECURSOS NATURALES EN LA CONFORMACIÓN DE ALDEAS Y CAMPAMENTOS EN EL PERÍODO MEDIO EN LOS VALLES DE AZAPA, NORTE DE CHILE Y CAPLINA, SUR DEL PERÚVILCA, ENCUENTRO DE MIRADAS: ANTECEDENTES Y HERRAMIENTAS PARA SU PESQUISA EN CONTEXTOS ARQUEOLÓGICOS DEL ÁREA CENTRO SUR ANDINA índice de autoresíndice de materiabúsqueda de artículos
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Chungará (Arica)

versión On-line ISSN 0717-7356

Resumen

STEHBERG, Rubén. THE INCA USHNU CEREMONIAL PLATFORM OF CHENA, MAIPO VALLEY, CHILE. Chungará (Arica) [online]. 2016, vol.48, n.4, pp.557-588.  Epub 22-Ago-2016. ISSN 0717-7356.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-73562016005000027.

The results of the archaeological excavations of a sector with mound structures located on the SE edge of the square intramural Chena Pucara are presented. The aim is to identify the origin and function of this facility and submit contrasting hypotheses raised by various researchers mentioning that in this place the Tawantinsuyu (Inca) established an important ceremonial site (ushnu). Fieldwork have uncovered the remains of the internal structure of rock and dirt of an architectural quadrilateral platform of 6.5 x 6.5 m and 0.70 m in height approximately, a rear ramp, the same material and evidence of a central hole. Among the remains recovered were small loose rocks, six large boulders, remains of tufa and sulfur and fragments of camel, malacological and ceramics, all of the Inca period. The latter were dated by thermoluminescence providing two coherent dating: 1490 and 1505 AD. The remains proved to be similar to findings in ushnus with existing ceremonial platform in the main squares and administrative centers along the Tawantinsuyu, which supported the hypothesis that the remains of Chena corresponded to a facility of this type. It became the southernmost platform of the Tawantinsuyu.

Palabras clave : Ritual platform; ushnu; Chena; Tawantinsuyu period; Maipo valley.

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