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Chungará (Arica)

versión On-line ISSN 0717-7356

Resumen

BALLESTER, Benjamín  y  CRISOSTOMO, Macarena. HAMMERSTONES FROM THE ATACAMA DESERT PAMPA (NORTHERN CHILE): TECHNOLOGY, SIGNS OF WEAR AND TEAR DECORATION AND KNAPPERS. Chungará (Arica) [online]. 2017, vol.49, n.2, pp.175-192.  Epub 12-Mayo-2017. ISSN 0717-7356.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-73562017005000016.

Lithics could be said to be the materiality par excellence in the archaeological studies of hunter-gatherers. Paradoxically the knowledge we have about the artifacts involved in the production process of lithic instruments is scarce. Even less is known about hard hammerstones, employed mainly in the initial stages of their operational chain. We present the analysis of a complete hammerstone collection made ofpebbles and cobbles from an extensive lithic workshop located in the pampa of Antofagasta, northern Chile. We will look closely into their technological and morphological aspects, as well as their use wear patterns, bases-forms and raw materials, in order to discuss who these knappers were and where they came from. A subject that would finally lead us to the ocean and its littoral, along with the mobility strategies of the ancient marine hunter-gatherers from the Atacama Desert.

Palabras clave : Hammerstone; knappers; marine hunter-gatherers; Atacama Desert.

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