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Chungará (Arica)

On-line version ISSN 0717-7356

Abstract

CORREA, Itaci; CARRASCO, Carolina; BALLESTER, Benjamín  and  GALLARDO, Francisco. COLLATERAL EFFECTS OF THE FORMATIVE TRANSITION: THE NEW CULINARY OF THE MARINE HUNTER-GATHERERSIN THE ATACAMA DESERT. Chungará (Arica) [online]. 2018, vol.50, n.1, pp.87-106. ISSN 0717-7356.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-73562018005000101.

In the Antofagasta region, the Formative Period is defined by important socio-economic transformations related to the gradual abandonment of the hunter-gatherer way of life. Even though marine hunting and gathering continued to play a fundamental role for the arid coast inhabitants, they still experienced significant cultural changes, such as the incorporation of a foreign cooking technology. The analysis of a sample of vessels offered in coastal tumuli cemeteries (2.500-1.200 cal BP) allows us to postulate that the adoption of ceramic in the coast was related to a new culinary of cultivate vegetables, which were integrated as a supplement to the traditional marine meat diet. The incorporation of these new recipes can be seen as a collateral effect of the “formative” process lived by the inhabitants of valleys and oases from the interior desert, within a shared sociocultural construction process between people living in the coast and in the interior.

Keywords : Ceramic adoption; adhered residues; cultivated vegetables; intercultural relations..

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