SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.50 número3NUEVOS CONTEXTOS FUNERARIOS EN LA TRANSICIÓN PAMPEANO-PATAGÓNICA ORIENTAL (PCIA. DE BUENOS AIRES, ARGENTINA): APORTES AL HOLOCENO MEDIO Y TARDÍO INICIALCOMUNIDADES INDÍGENAS, EMPRESAS DEL LITIO Y SUS RELACIONES EN EL SALAR DE ATACAMA índice de autoresíndice de materiabúsqueda de artículos
Home Pagelista alfabética de revistas  

Servicios Personalizados

Revista

Articulo

Indicadores

Links relacionados

  • En proceso de indezaciónCitado por Google
  • No hay articulos similaresSimilares en SciELO
  • En proceso de indezaciónSimilares en Google

Compartir


Chungará (Arica)

versión On-line ISSN 0717-7356

Resumen

DONOSO ROJAS, Carlos. THE BEGINNINGS OF THE NITRATE INDUSTRY IN TARAPACÁ. Chungará (Arica) [online]. 2018, vol.50, n.3, pp.459-470. ISSN 0717-7356.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-73562018005001402.

Our research seeks to complement existing information on the mechanisms of production and commercialization of saltpeter in the period preceding the year 1830. Starting in the last quarter of the eighteenth century, this activity faced the increasing demand (as a consequence of the diversification of the use of nitrate) with a low level of technical development, a model that remained unchanged for decades. During the period under study, since there was no technological or scientific investment aimed at an efficient exploitation of nitrate, the industry replaced innovation with an expansion of labor supply, which had an impact on the quality and final value of the product. The precariousness of an initiative that favored manual labor over technological innovation should be understood in the context of its time, where the net profitability margin of the business was low, to which must be added an uncertain future, the early consolidation of oligopolies and the political instability of Peru in the years after its independence.

Palabras clave : Nitrate; Tarapacá; oligopolies; Huantajaya; taxation.

        · resumen en Español     · texto en Español     · Español ( pdf )