SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
 INDIGENOUS RAISED AGRICULTURAL FIELDS IN PAICAVÍ, LA ARAUCANÍA, CHILE, AND THEIR SOCIO-ECONOMIC IMPLICATIONS DURING THE EARLY COLONIAL PERIOD: A PRELIMINARY VIEWARCHAEOLOGY AND FORMAL EDUCATION IN THE COAST OF TALTAL- PAPOSO: CRITICAL THROUGHTS ON “PUBLIC ARCHAEOLOGY” author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand

Journal

Article

Indicators

Related links

  • On index processCited by Google
  • Have no similar articlesSimilars in SciELO
  • On index processSimilars in Google

Share


Chungará (Arica)

On-line version ISSN 0717-7356

Abstract

URBINA, Ximena; REYES, Omar  and  BELMAR, Carolina A.. COASTAL HUNTER GATHERERS IN CHILOE: FROM FACILITATORS OF THE NAVIGATION OF SPANIARDS IN THE CHONOS AND GUAYANECO ARCHIPELAGOS TO PRODUCERS AND TRADERS, 1567-1792. Chungará (Arica) [online]. In press. .  Epub Mar 17, 2020. ISSN 0717-7356.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-73562020005000702.

The coastal hunter gatherers of the southern coastal archipelagos who were transferred to Chiloé during the 17th and 18th centuries played a connecting role between these two worlds as they were familiar with the geography of an environment that could not be dominated by the Spaniards and the Veliche of Chiloé. They became forced facilitators of the activities of these groups in the Chonos archipelago, undertaking tasks as translators, guides, divers, watchers, and seekers of other indigenous groups. The canoeists transferred to the islands of Cailin and Chaulinec with civilizing purposes from 1743 onwards did not completely abandon their territory, not only returning to their islands on a permanent basis to practice ancestral activities (fishing, shellfish gathering, consumption of sea lion meat) but also bringing new occupations from Chiloé, such as agriculture and livestock breeding, which were developed for purposes of exchange with the inhabitants of Chiloé rather than for mere subsistence. As a result, these people developed subsistence strategies based on elements present in their culture, such as the exploitation of exogenous materials of cultural origin (shipwrecks remains) as exchangeable items; the adaptation of techniques and technologies for food preparation and conservation; the use of new ecological niches other than the strictly coastal inlets or the usual islands, such as islands with pastures for the free breeding of European cattle, among other practices that account for an active attitude towards the new world that was being imposed on them.

Keywords : Western Patagonia; Chiloé and Chonos archipelagos; Coastal hunter gatherers; subsistence strategies; Spaniard contact.

        · abstract in Spanish     · text in Spanish     · Spanish ( pdf )