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vol.32 número2ESTRATEGIA DE PROMOCIÓN DE LA SALUD EN ESCOLARES DE EDUCACIÓN BÁSICA MUNICIPALIZADA DE LA COMUNA DE CASABLANCA, CHILEENTREGA DE INFORMACIÓN NUTRICIONAL Y CARACTERIZACIÓN DE LA COMPRA DE ALIMENTOS EN PERMERCADOS índice de autoresíndice de assuntospesquisa de artigos
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Revista chilena de nutrición

versão On-line ISSN 0717-7518

Resumo

GONZALEZ R, Guillermina et al. PLASMATIC LEVELS OF CHOLESTEROL IN ADOLESCENT FEMALES OF MORELOS, MEXICO. Rev. chil. nutr. [online]. 2005, vol.32, n.2, pp.134-141. ISSN 0717-7518.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-75182005000200008.

Objective: The objective of the present study was to know the prevalence of hypercholesterolemia, overweight and obesity as well as, the risk factors in adolescent females.  Subjects and method: In a cross - sectional study of 548 adolescents girls plasma level of cholesterol was measured using the Liebermann-Burchard technique.  Anthropometrics indexes of weight, height, hip and waist circumferences were investigated. The intake was asses by a 24-hours dietary recall. Survey socioeconomic level and family history were evaluated.  An univariate an bivariate statically analysis (chi square (X2),  t  and F tests) was performed.  Results:  A prevalence of hypercholesterolemia was found in 30.4% of girls.  The weight, Body Mass Index (BMI) and the highest levels of blood cholesterol were observed in adolescents with obese relatives (p<0.05). The consumption of total lipids and saturated fatty acids was higher in adolescents with obese, diabetics and hypertensive relatives (p <0.05).  Conclusions: According to the anthropometric data and cholesterolemia in adolescent girls with overweight relatives, obesity, diabetes and hypertension it is possible that as adults they may present overweight problems or obesity which will increase their risk for cardiovascular complications or the presence of metabolic syndrome

Palavras-chave : Cholesterolemia; obesity; adolescent females.

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