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Revista chilena de nutrición

On-line version ISSN 0717-7518

Abstract

VIO DEL R, Fernando  and  SALINAS C, Judith. HEALTH PROMOTION AND QUALITY OF LIFE IN CHILE: NEW POLICY CHALLENGES. Rev. chil. nutr. [online]. 2006, vol.33, suppl.1, pp.252-259. ISSN 0717-7518.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-75182006000300006.

In Chile, obesity has increased significantly during the 80´s and presently constitutes the main nutritional problem of the population. In preschool children controlled at primary health clinics, obesity prevalence is 8.2%; in the same group attending day-care centers belonging to the National Day Care Association (JUNJI), this rate is 10.6%. The prevalence varies according to age; 6% in 2 to 3 years old, 11% in 3 to 4 years old, and 14% in the 4 to 5 years old category. Among school children in first grade, obesity prevalence is presently 18.5%. In adolescents, obesity has also increased markedly, from 12% in 1987 to 32.6% in 2004. For adults, the National Health Survey of 2003 showed that obesity prevalence was 22%, varying according to gender and educational level. It is higher among women than men (25% compared to 19%, respectively) and higher among adults from low socioeconomic levels. The goals set by Vida Chile for the period 2000-2006 considered a reduction of the obesity prevalence in preschool children attending JUNJI from 10% to 7%, and from 16% to 12% in school children attending first grade. In spite of the implementation of several educational initiatives in nutrition and physical activity, these have clearly been insufficient to initiate a reduction of these figures that would enable accomplish the goals for the year 2010

Keywords : Obesity; National Health Survey; reduction initiatives.

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