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vol.37 issue2IRON AND ZINC DIALYSABILITY IN COMMERCIAL BREAKFAST CEREALS FORTIFIED WITH ELEMENTAL IRON, FERROUS SULPHATE OR FERRIC SODIUM EDTACOUNSELING ON HEALTHY LIFESTYLES AND BEHAVIORAL CHANGE IN OBESE SCHOOL CHILDREN: CONTROLLED INTERVENTION IN MOTHERS/CARETAKERS author indexsubject indexarticles search
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Revista chilena de nutrición

On-line version ISSN 0717-7518

Abstract

LIBERONA Z, Yéssica; CASTILLO V, Oscar  and  ROZOWSKI N, Jaime. ADEQUACY OF THE DIET AND BODY COMPOSITION IN A GROUP OF 11-14 YEARS OLD CHILDREN FROM TWO SPORT CLUBS IN SANTIAGO DE CHILE. Rev. chil. nutr. [online]. 2010, vol.37, n.2, pp.145-154. ISSN 0717-7518.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-75182010000200002.

The information available on food consumption in different population groups is very limited in Chile. Objective: To assess the diet of schoolchildren who on a regular basis perform physical activity. Method: We evaluated 105 schoolchildren aged 11-14 years who regularly attend two sport clubs and who, on the average, perform 8 hours of programmed activity per week. Anthropometric evaluation included height, weight, tricipital and sub scapular skinfold thickness and diet was evaluated by means of a 24-hour dietary recall. Socioeconomic level was determined by the ESOMAR method. Results: As expected, height and weight increased progressively with age. Percentage of body fat increased between 11 and 13 years old and significantly decreased by age 14 years. Nutritional status was normal in 86% of the children and only 14% were overweight. There were no obese children in the group. Macronutrient and energy intake were adequate for the age except for the low consumption of potassium and calcium. Conclusion: Children who perform exercise regularly show a low prevalence of overweight and no obesity although their diet was similar to other schoolchildren who show an elevated prevalence of overweight and obesity, most probably due to their regular physical activity.

Keywords : Body composition; dietary pattern; child nutrition; physical activity; obesity.

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