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Revista chilena de nutrición

On-line version ISSN 0717-7518

Abstract

GONZALEZ S, María Angélica  and  PINO V, José Luís. COMPARATIVE STUDY OF NCHS/WHO GROWTH CURVES: NUTRITIONAL STATUS EVALUATION AND IMPLICATIONS IN A PUBLIC FAMILY HEALTH CENTER. Rev. chil. nutr. [online]. 2010, vol.37, n.2, pp.169-177. ISSN 0717-7518.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-75182010000200005.

Chile changed from the CDCINCHS to the new WHO standards in 2007 to evaluate growth in children less than 5 years of age. Our proposal was to determine the impact of this change on nutritional indicators. We studied 982 children aged less than 5 years in a public family health center in Chillan Viejo. Length height-for-age, weight-for-length height, and weight-for-age indicators were compared for both growth curves with the WHO Anthro program. Results showed significant differences in means for all anthropometric indicators (p<0.0001), increased proportion of undernourished, overweight, and obese children, as well as a significant decrease of those with normal nutritional status. Consultation hours increased 27.7 % and 41.1% for nutritionists and doctors, respectively. We concluded that the WHO standard represents more adequately optimum child growth, increases the proportion of children with nutritional excess and deficit leading lo enhanced nutritional attention by health professionals.

Keywords : NCHS-WHO standards; nutritional evaluation; growth; anthropometry.

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