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Revista chilena de nutrición

On-line version ISSN 0717-7518

Abstract

NAVARRETE B, Claudia  and  CARTES-VELASQUEZ, Ricardo. Prevalence of type 2 diabetes and obesity in Pehuenches communities, Alto Biobio. Rev. chil. nutr. [online]. 2012, vol.39, n.3, pp.7-10. ISSN 0717-7518.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-75182012000300001.

Aim: To determine prevalence of diabetes mellitus type 2 (DM2) and obesity (overweight) in the commune of Alto Biobio, where people are mostly pehuenches indigenous. Methodology: This study are part of the "Küme Mongüen Pehuenche" ("Good Pe-huenche Health") project, designed to determine the prevalence of cardiovascular diseases and the associated risk BMI and fasting blood glucose according to MINSAL. Results: Sample of 400 individuals, 213 women and 322 men (58 half-blood). General prevalence of obesity was 30.5% (42.5% overweight), mostly in women and 45 to 64 years old people. Prevalence of DM2 in pehuenches was 0.76% compared to 6.41% for non-pehuenches, with no differences by sex or nutritional status. Conclusions: In agreement with the literature, pehuenches show a low prevalence of DM2 despite high rates of obesity, situation that could change due to westernization of life-style, as it happened in mapuche population.

Keywords : diabetes; obesity; indigenous; age; Chile.

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