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Revista chilena de nutrición

versión On-line ISSN 0717-7518

Resumen

LADINO M, Liliana  y  OCHOA O, Erika. Nutritional status of children with inborn errors of protein metabolism in a private nutritional practice in Bogotá, Colombia. Rev. chil. nutr. [online]. 2012, vol.39, n.4, pp.143-151. ISSN 0717-7518.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-75182012000400006.

Little is known about the nutritional consequences of inborn errors of metabolism (IEM) without neonatal diagnosis in Colombia. The aim of our study was to describe the nutritional characteristics of individuals with IEM who attended a nutritional private practice in Bogotá, Colombia, and to evaluate whether this status is consequence of the disease or other social or demographic variables. This was a descriptive observational study with a cross-sectional design, in which anthropometrical measurements were taken along with a diet analysis and the recollection ofsocial and demographic variables. A sample of 22 individuals was gathered: Forty five % women, 36% infants, 59% resided in an urban area and 77% had a low socioeconomic status (SES). More than 40% had an adequate nutritional status and 45% suffered growth retardation; no differences were found according to gender, area of residence, SES nor age group. Nearly 90% had adequate treatment adherence, fulfilling their nutritional requirements according to age, disease and limiting amino acids. The only difference found in dietary intake was among age groups, in which the intake per kg of weight decrease as the individual got older. We concluded that the main nutritional outcome in patients with IEM was growth retardation and it can be attributed to the disease rather than other social or demographic variables.

Palabras clave : inborn errors of metabolism; growth retardation; dietary intake; nutritional management; anthropometric assessment.

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