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vol.40 número1Insatisfacción corporal, búsqueda de la delgadez y malnutrición por exceso, un estudio descriptivo correlacional en una población de estudiantes de 13 a 16 años de la ciudad de ValparaísoEvaluación clínica del uso de nutrición enteral domiciliaria en pacientes pediátricos índice de autoresíndice de materiabúsqueda de artículos
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Revista chilena de nutrición

versión On-line ISSN 0717-7518

Resumen

MARINOV M, Pedro Antonio. Pacifier use in early childhood and its influence on further development of overweight and obesity between 5 and 18 years old. Rev. chil. nutr. [online]. 2013, vol.40, n.1, pp.16-20. ISSN 0717-7518.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-75182013000100002.

The potential effect of the use pacifier of use during the first 5 years of life on the weight of the child between 5 and 18 years of age was assessed. The nutritional status of 400 children between 5 and 18 years of age in a private pediatric practice was investigated by questioning the mother on pacifier use between one and 5 years of age. In the group that did not use pacifier, males accounted for 48%, girls for 52%, and 62.3% were overweight and 16.6% obese. In the group using a pacifier, males accounted for 53.8%, girls 46.2% and 30.7% were overweight and only 5,3% were obese. The groups were comparable in age and sex and there were no gender differences in the use of pacifiers. The percentage of eutrophic children was significantly higher in the group who used a pacifier in relation to the one who did not. The prevalence of overweight or obesity was significantly higher in the group of children who did not use a pacifier in relation to children who used a pacifier. Both bivariate and multivariate logistic analysis, considering the use of a pacifier as a dependent variable and nutritional status, sex and age, are consistent in that only the variable nutritional status was associated with pacifier use.

Palabras clave : infants; pre-schoolers; pacifier; overweight; obesity.

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