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Revista chilena de nutrición

versión On-line ISSN 0717-7518

Resumen

PINO V, José Luis; LOPEZ E, Miguel Ángel; MEDEL I, Andrea Pilar  y  ORTEGA S, Alejandra. Factors affecting the duration of exclusiv breastfeeding in a rural community of Chile. Rev. chil. nutr. [online]. 2013, vol.40, n.1, pp.48-54. ISSN 0717-7518.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-75182013000100008.

Background: Exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) must be provided as the only food until 6 months of life, according to the guidelines of the Ministry of Health of Chile. However the prevalence of early weaning has increased, influencing social, family and health aspects. Objective: To determine the factors that could affect the duration of exclusive breastfeeding until six months in a rural health center. Methods: A non-experimental descriptive and retrospective study cohort that included 81 mothers and their offspring aged 6 to 11 months old, applying an ad-hoc instrument consisting of 11 questions closed and semi-structured. Results: 56.7% of mothers had an early weaning, the most important reasons being hypogalactia (45.6%), health staffindication, ands mother's illness (15.2%), and work reasons (13%). Age of mother correlated with early weaning (p 0.046). Conclusions: Mothers under 26 years of age showed reduced time giving exclusive breastfeeding.

Palabras clave : Exclusive breastfeeding; weaning; rural health.

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