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Revista chilena de nutrición

versión On-line ISSN 0717-7518

Resumen

VALENZUELA L, Karen et al. Evaluation of the pilot program to reduce salt/sodium in bread in Santiago of Chile. Rev. chil. nutr. [online]. 2013, vol.40, n.2, pp.119-122. ISSN 0717-7518.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-75182013000200004.

Introduction: Considering the high burden of disease associated with excessive salt intake of the population, Chile initiated a pilot program between the Ministry of Health (MINSAL), the Industrial Bakers Federation (FECHIPAN) and the Chilean Association of Supermarkets (ASACH) in order to achieve a gradual reduction of salt in bread. Objective: To analyze the amount of sodium in bread samples from bakeries belonging to the program and those not participating in Santiago. Materials and methods: Cross-sectional study with random sampling of two products in five pilot and five control bakeries. Sodium was analysed by atomic absorption spectrophotometry and the mean was used for analysis (mg/100 g of bread). For comparison the Student's t test was utilized and significance was established at p <0,05. Results: The average sodium concentration in the control group was 597,2 ± 106,4 mg/100 g bread while in the experimental group was 600,9 ± 106,2 mg/100 g bread showing no significant differences between them. There was considerable variability in the levels of sodium in both groups, with values ranging from 403 to 824 mg/100 g. Discussion: The concentration of sodium in the bread was similar in both groups, suggesting a reduction in salt content in the control bakeries. More studies are needed to better understand the national reality in this matter.

Palabras clave : Bread; sodium; salt; pilot program; Ministry of Health; high blood pressure.

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