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Revista chilena de nutrición

On-line version ISSN 0717-7518

Abstract

ABRANTES DUVAL, Patricia; HALPERN-SILVEIRA, Denise  and  FORMOSO ASSUNCAO, Maria Cecilia. Lifestyle counseling reduces metabolic syndrome prevalence in the short term. Rev. chil. nutr. [online]. 2013, vol.40, n.3, pp.216-223. ISSN 0717-7518.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-75182013000300002.

The aim of this study was to analyze the effect of lifestyle counseling on metabolic syndrome (MetS) prevalence in the short term. This was a before-after study design conducted in a nutrition outpatient clinic. Participants were adults presenting with MetS according to the International Diabetes Federation criteria. In the study 109 individuals (mean age 41 ± 9.6 years old) were included, the majority women (82,6%). Participants received individualized dietary prescription guidelines for healthy eating and were encouraged to perform physical activity. After five months, a decrease of 21.5% in the prevalence of MetS (p<0,001) was observed Significant mean reductions (p<0,001) in bodyweight (3.5 ± 3.4 Kg), waist circumference (4.0 ± 4.0 cm), triglycerides (33.8 ± 69.6 mg/dl) and fasting glucose we observed (6.6 ± 18.3 mg/dl), while HDL cholesterol showed an increase (2.6 ± 6.1mg/ dl, p<0,001). We conclude that lifestyle counseling consisting of individualized nutritional guidance through a balanced diet, physical activity promotion and change in lifestyle can reduce the prevalence of MetS in the short term.

Keywords : Life style; counseling; dietary modification; diet therapy; metabolic syndrome.

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