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Revista chilena de nutrición

versión On-line ISSN 0717-7518

Resumen

MORALES I, Gladys; DEL VALLE R, Carlos; SOTO V, Álvaro  y  IVANOVIC M, Daniza. Cardiovascular risk factors of college students. Rev. chil. nutr. [online]. 2013, vol.40, n.4, pp.391-396. ISSN 0717-7518.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-75182013000400010.

College students are in a key life stage for the adoption of lifestyles that will be practiced in the family, society and work. During this period, students gain greater autonomy and take responsibility for their own care. University time becomes a critical step in the development of lifestyles. There is a high prevalence of risk factors for non-communicable diseases in university students such as pre-hypertension especially in men and hypercholesterolemia in women. Other risk factors include smoking, physical inactivity, overweight, obesity, low fruit and vegetable consumption, and high consumption of saturated fats. Some differences of cardiovascular risk factors have been found according to gender, year of career and faculty where students attend. It is recommended to consider these differences when we design and perform educational interventions to achieve greater assertiveness and effectiveness. This article reviews the evidence about cardiovascular risk factors in university students according to gender, year of career and faculty where students attend, following the model proposed by Cecchini et al and according to the Framingham study.

Palabras clave : Universitary students; risk factors; chronic diseases; food habits; education.

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