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Revista chilena de nutrición

On-line version ISSN 0717-7518


SCHNETTLER M, Berta et al. Variables affecting food satisfaction according to socioeconomic status: an exploratory study in southern Chile. Rev. chil. nutr. [online]. 2014, vol.41, n.2, pp.149-155. ISSN 0717-7518.

In order to identify variables that influence in food satisfaction for people belonging to different socioeconomic status (SES) in southern Chile, a survey was administered to a sample of 400 people living in the major cities of this region. The questionnaire included the SWFL (Satisfaction with Food-related Life) scale and the IQLRH (Index of Quality of Life Related to Health). Demographic characteristics and dietary habits were also consulted. Four ordinal logit models were proposed, where the dependent variable was satisfaction with food-related life, considering the total sample and three subsamples: medium and medium-high strata (ABC1), medium-medium (C2) and medium-low (C3), low (D) and very low (E) as a whole. The four models were significant (p<0.001), but differed in the explanatory variables that were significant. Regardless of SES, satisfaction with food-related life decreases if the person does not have a good perception of their own health. Other variables that influence satisfaction with food-related life, which differed according to the SES, are related to the gender, the family composition, the time available for family dining, frequency of consumption of meat and use of fast food outlets and the restriction of alcohol consumption.

Keywords : Satisfaction with food-related life; socioeconomic status; health.

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