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vol.41 issue3Knowledge and factors associated with fruit consumption by university students of the city of Medellin, Colombia author indexsubject indexarticles search
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Revista chilena de nutrición

On-line version ISSN 0717-7518

Abstract

GONZALEZ G, Carmen Gloria et al. Evaluation of a fruits delivery program with nutrition education in rural public schools from the Metropolitan Region, Chile. Rev. chil. nutr. [online]. 2014, vol.41, n.3, pp.228-235. ISSN 0717-7518.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-75182014000300001.

The objective of this study was to assess the delivery of fruits with nutrition education in rural schools measuring its impact on food knowledge, food consumption and children nutritional status. A longitudinal quasi-experimental study of one year was carried out in an experimental group with delivery of fruits plus nutrition education, compared with a control group. Subjects were 784 school children (preschool to 8th grade) in 5 basic schools in María Pinto and 192 in the control group in Curacaví. Nutritional status, food knowledge, food consumption, the amount of fruit distributed and customer satisfaction were evaluated. Results showed that 85% of preschool to 2nd grade and 68.2% 3th to 8th grade children reported to consume fruit as a snack at least 3 times perweek. In children from 3th to 8th grade dairy consumption (more than 2 times per day) increased from 62% to 74%, respectively (p<0.01). Consumption of fruit more than 2 times per day increased to 34.9%, and legumes intake more than twice per week increased 37.7% to 51.7% (p<0.0001). In preschool from 57.6% to 76.2% and vegetables consumption more than 2 times per day increased from 26.8% to 2nd grade children there was a significant increase in healthy food knowledge in the period of the intervention (p<0.0001), while in children from 3th to 8th grade there was a significant improvement in consumption of fish and dairy food (p<0.0001). In the control group there were no changes either in food knowledge or in fruit consumption, and no changes in nutritional status were observed in both groups. In conclusion, the success of the program resides in the improvement of food knowledge and fruit consumption as a protective factor. To achieve an impact in nutritional status is necessary the long-term continuity of the program.

Keywords : fruits and vegetables consumption; healthy food; nutrition education; school food program; children nutritional status.

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