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Revista chilena de nutrición

versión On-line ISSN 0717-7518

Resumen

BERTA, Eugenia Emilia; FUGAS, Valeria Alejandra; WALZ, Florencia  y  MARTINELLI, Marcela Inés. Nutritional condition of school-age children and its relationship with habit and quality of breakfast. Rev. chil. nutr. [online]. 2015, vol.42, n.1, pp.45-52. ISSN 0717-7518.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-75182015000100006.

In Argentina, childhood obesity is a serious public health problem. Skipping breakfast is a behavior associated with overweight and obesity. The aim of this survey was to determine whether there is association between nutritional status and breakfast frequency and quality in children from public schools in the city of Santa Fe. A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted among 5-12 years old male and female children attending public primary schools, located in downtown Santa Fe. Body mass index (BMI), breakfast weekly frequency and quality and mid-morning snack consumption were assessed in 637 schoolchildren. The 46% of school age children were overweight/obese. Increased risk of overweight/obesity was observed in girls who skip breakfast. In boys, the risk of overweight/obesity is higher if the breakfast quality is insufficient or if they skip breakfast. No association between quality of mid-morning snack and nutritional status was found. There is a high prevalence of overweight and obesity in these schoolchildren, being this risk higher in those who do not have breakfast every day or have it inadequately.

Palabras clave : schoolchildren; overweight; obesity; breakfast; mid-morning snack.

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