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Revista chilena de nutrición

versión On-line ISSN 0717-7518

Resumen

RODRIGUEZ, Ana Yervid; CAMACHO, Janneth Marcela  y  BARACALDO, Cesar Mauricio. Nutritional status, intestinal parasitism and their risk factors in a vulnerable population in the municipality of Iza (Boyaca), Colombia 2013. Rev. chil. nutr. [online]. 2016, vol.43, n.1, pp.45-53. ISSN 0717-7518.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-75182016000100007.

The aim of this study was to establish the nutritional status and intestinal parasitism and their risk factors in pregnant women, elderly people and children under 5 years old. Each one of the participants wasgiven a survey, their nutritional status values were taken(weight and size), as were measurements ofindicators such as haemoglobin, seric iron, ferritin, tranferrin, reactive protein C, and a test for intestinal parasites, followed by a medical ma-nagement plan. The risk factors for intestinal parasitism found, were bad hygiene habits and the lack of access to basic public services. In the elderly, it was found that 22% were overweight and 16.5% suffered from obesity. In the group of boys and girls, 15.2% were overweight or obese and 15.2% presented some risk of acute malnutrition. Moreover, the elderly presented 26.4% prevalence of mild or moderate anaemia, and the children 14.9%, in both cases co-related to the concentrations of iron and ferritin. There was 65.3% prevalence of intestinal parasites. Some of the parasites found were: Entamoeba coli, Blastocystis hominis and Entamoeba histolytica/E. dispar. It is important to reinforce the programmes of food security to lower the malnutrition rates. In spite of having found a high percentage of intestinal parasites, no statistically significant relationship with malnutrition and its factors was found.

Palabras clave : vulnerable population; intestinal parasitism; malnutrition; iron deficiency; anaemia.

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