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Revista chilena de nutrición

versión On-line ISSN 0717-7518

Resumen

SAN MAURO, Ismael et al. Nutrition and physical activity in people with intellectual disabilities. Rev. chil. nutr. [online]. 2016, vol.43, n.3, pp.263-270. ISSN 0717-7518.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-75182016000300005.

People with intellectual disability (PID) (0.7-1.5% of the population) have higher rates of obesity, since caloric values and nutritional status are deficient. We aimed to determine nutritional habits, analyze the effectiveness of nutritional education and improvement by introducing exercise and nutrition workshops, in a group with ID. Nutritional, anthropometric and clinical assessment was conducted in 19 patients. An ad hoc survey was designed in which exercise habits, medical and dietary history, record of 72 hours (including 2 weekdays, 1 weekend) and adherence to Mediterranean Diet data were collected. The workshops of exercise and nutrition counted with theoretical-practical explanation and games. The study population (n = 19), mean age 31 (± 5.9) years, eleven men, eight women had an anthropometric assessment that showed 42% overweight and 16% obese. 11% had waist circumference ofrisk. None met the recommendations of daily exercise. 100% had inadequate nutritional intake. The intake and the prevalence of obesity in ID are inadequate. Nutritional education and physical exercise workshops are useful tools in this group, achieving significant benefits.

Palabras clave : Intellectual disability; food and nutrition education; obesity; exercise; habits.

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