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Revista chilena de nutrición

versión On-line ISSN 0717-7518

Resumen

ARANEDA F, Jacqueline; PINHEIRO F, Anna Christina; RODRIGUEZ OSIAC, Lorena  y  RODRIGUEZ F, Alejandra. Apparent intake of fruit, vegetables, and ultra-processed foods by the Chilean population. Rev. chil. nutr. [online]. 2016, vol.43, n.3, pp.271-278. ISSN 0717-7518.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-75182016000300006.

Objetive: The objective of this study was to characterize the apparent intake of fruit, vegetables, and ultra-processed foods in the Chilean population according to the income quintiles. Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted using the 7th Family Budget Survey database of the Instituto Nacional de Estadística (National Statistics Institute, INE), which includes 10,528 households from different zones of the country. Average monthly household expenses were evaluated according to income quintile for all food groups, especially fruit, vegetables, and ultra-processed foods. Results: Food intake is determined by socioeconomic level. Healthier intake patterns were observed in the higher quintiles where monthly spending was proportionately higher for fish, dairy products, cheese, eggs, fruit, and vegetables, and proportionately lower for bread and cereals, meat, oils, and fats. Conclusions: It is necessary to implement structural measures under the concept of "health in all policies", which support change in the population's dietary pattern toward natural and healthier food.

Palabras clave : Fruit; vegetables; ultra-processed food; public policies; nutrition.

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