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Revista chilena de nutrición

On-line version ISSN 0717-7518

Abstract

DELGADO-FLOODY, Pedro et al. Body image and self-esteem in children according to their nutritional status and frequency of physical activity. Rev. chil. nutr. [online]. 2017, vol.44, n.1, pp.12-18. ISSN 0717-7518.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-75182017000100002.

Physical activity plays an important role in child development. The purpose of this study was to compare body image, self-esteem, cardio-metabolic risk and physical performance of children by nutritional status and frequency of physical activity. We studied 208 children (115 men and 93 women) 11.9±1.2 years of age. Participants were divided by frequency of physical activity per week: Group 1 (n= 87) was not physically active; Group 2 (n= 64) was physically active 1 or 2 times per week; Group 3 (n= 57) was physically active 3 or 4 times a week. We observed that 51 children were overweight and 40 obese. Children who were physically active 3 or 4 times per week, were less concerned about their body image and had higher self-esteem scores (both p <0.05). These children also reported lower cardio-metabolic risk and better physical performance. We conclude that there are overall developmental benefits for children who are more physically active.

Keywords : Body image; self-esteem; physical activity; obesity; students.

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