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Revista chilena de nutrición

On-line version ISSN 0717-7518

Abstract

OLIVARES, Sonia; ROSSI, Natalia  and  BUSTOS, Nelly. How can legume consumption be increased in the Chilean population?. Rev. chil. nutr. [online]. 2018, vol.45, suppl.1, pp.45-49. ISSN 0717-7518.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-75182018000200045.

In recent decades, obesity has become one of the biggest public health problems worldwide. In Chile, more than 50% of pre-school and 1st-grade students are overweight. This has led to a series of actions to promote healthy eating in the Chilean population, such as the 20,606 law, the 2013 Chilean Dietary Guidelines and the incorporation of healthy foods into the school food program. Despite these efforts there has been an increase in the consumption of high energy density processed foods, saturated fats, sodium and added sugars, and a decrease in the consumption of natural foods (vegetables, fruits and legumes). Legume consumption has been decreasing since 1987, with current consumption averaging less than 1 kilogram per home per month. On the other hand, there is a clear acceptance of legume consumption by children, despite not knowing recommended consumption. At the same time, mothers demonstrate a rejection to legume preparation in the home; indicating how little support there is in the home for children to acquire this healthy eating habit. Strategies to increase the consumption of legumes have been few and have had low coverage. It has been shown that the school environment is important in developing healthy lifestyles in children, as is a family environment that promotes healthy lifestyles.

Keywords : Obesity; Food Nutrition Education; eating habits; Legumes; Social Marketing.

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