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Revista chilena de nutrición

On-line version ISSN 0717-7518

Abstract

NAVARRO-GONZALEZ, Inmaculada; PERIAGO-CASTON, María; VIDANA-GAYTAN, María  and  RODRIGUEZ-TADEO, Alejandra. Food neophobia and eating disorders: Impact on adherence to the Mediterranean diet of Spanish university students. Rev. chil. nutr. [online]. 2019, vol.46, n.2, pp.174-180. ISSN 0717-7518.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/s0717-75182019000200174.

The study was designed to evaluate the attitude of Spanish undergraduates towards new foods and its impact on adherence to the Mediterranean diet, risk of altered eating behavior and its association with body mass. Undergraduates of the University of Murcia were invited to participate. Anthropometry (weight and height) was measured to estimate body mass and nutritional status and surveys were administered to identify eating disorders and food neophobia. A total of 300 undergraduates participated, with a mean age of 21.3 years. Only 14% of the women and 35% of the men were overweight; 44% had good adherence to the Mediterranean diet. Neophobia is slightly higher in females than males. We observed more eating disorder behaviors (15.5%) compared to food neophobia (11.5%) and that both negatively impacted the adherence to the Mediterranean diet. Undergraduates from the Murcia Region, reported an eating disorder values lower than that reported by other authors. No significant differences were found between this and sex, adherence to the Mediterranean diet or BMI.

Keywords : Body Mass Index; Eating behavior disorders; Food neophobia; Mediterranean Diet; University students.

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