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Revista chilena de nutrición

On-line version ISSN 0717-7518

Abstract

UGARTE, Carla; QUINONES, Álvaro; BUSTOS, Claudio  and  VICENTE, Benjamín. Percentage of total weight loss and weight regain in bariatric patients: a time perspective analysis. Rev. chil. nutr. [online]. 2020, vol.47, n.1, pp.41-49. ISSN 0717-7518.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-75182020000100041.

Background:

A person's perspective of time has been associated with health-related habits. Specifically, future has been associated with changes in lifestyle as well the incorporation of physical exercise. In contrast, current hedonism is associated with sub-optimal weight loss in bariatric patients.

Aim:

To evaluate the relationship between seven variables of a time perspective and percentage of total weight loss; maintenance or weight regain among bariatric patients.

Material and Methods:

A sample of 97 bariatric patients answered the Inventory of Temporary Orientation and lifestyle questionnaires.

Results:

A greater percentage of total weight loss was significantly associated with future (r= 0.221; p<0.05) and deviations from negative time profile (r= 0.324; p<0.05). Insufficient weight loss was associated with a fatalistic present (t= −2.16, p= 0.033) and deviations from a balanced time perspective (t= −2.81; p= 0.006). Regaining weight was significantly associated to deviations from a balanced time perspective (t= −2.09; p=0.045) and consumption of sweets (X2= 13.42; p= 0.009).

Conclusions:

Deviations from a balanced time perspective and consumption of sweets are associated with sub-optimal weight loss and regaining weight.

Keywords : Bariatric Patients; Deviations from a Balanced Time profile; Psychological variables; Time Perspective; Weight regain.

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