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Revista chilena de nutrición

On-line version ISSN 0717-7518

Abstract

GONZALEZ-JARAMILLO, Verónica; GRECA, Ileana  and  GONZALEZ, Susana. Review of the strategies employed in the school setting for the teaching of human nutrition. Rev. chil. nutr. [online]. 2020, vol.47, n.3, pp.512-523. ISSN 0717-7518.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-75182020000300512.

The main objective was to inquire about the strategies used in the school environment for the teaching of human nutrition. In addition, the existence of multidisciplinary proposals that can lead to significant learning, as well as the inclusion of the dimensions of attitude were verified. The methodological design consisted of a systematic review of studies published between 1999 and 2018, related to the theoretical reference and the type of didactic strategies that guide interventions in schoolchildren aimed at addressing the issue of human nutrition, as well as the possible difficulties that underlie them and the consequent influence on healthy lifestyles. The guidelines of EPPI-Centre were followed. In 45% of the articles reviewed an improvement was evident both in knowledge about nutrition and/or attitudes towards healthy lifestyle habits, as well as in the frequency of physical activity. Didactic proposals of diverse nature were evidenced, pointing to the protagonist role of children and adolescents and favoring their interaction through diverse strategies such as the use of ICTs (Information and Communication Technologies), games, cooperative learning and curricular integration. Nutrition education should be incorporated into school curriculum starting in early years with the active participation of teachers, family members and other community professionals. In the pedagogical and didactic approach to human nutrition, a holistic vision is necessary; this can be achieved through multidisciplinary teaching.

Keywords : Adolescents; Children; Health education; Nutrition; School.

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