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Revista chilena de obstetricia y ginecología

versão impressa ISSN 0048-766Xversão On-line ISSN 0717-7526

Resumo

FETIS N, Giselle et al. FACTORES ASOCIADOS AL USO DE ANTICONCEPTIVOS EN ESTUDIANTES DE ENSEÑANZA MEDIA DE LA COMUNA DE TEMUCO. Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. [online]. 2008, vol.73, n.6, pp.362-369. ISSN 0048-766X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-75262008000600002.

Objective: To know sexual practice of adolescents in the commune of Temuco, use of contraceptives, rela-ted reasons of nonuse and factors. Method: Cross section study. A sampling by conglomerates was used, stratifying proportionally by type of establishment, obtaining 698 students. An anonymous and self adminis-trated questionnaire was applied. Results: 35.4% declare to have had sexual relations, the average age of beginning in women was 15.5yearsand in men 14.3 (p=0.000) and, of theseonly 37% declare to have used a contraceptive method in their first sexual relation. 17% of the students refer to having sexual activity at present, 41.9% in women and 58.1% in men, being this statistically significant differences by sex (p= 0.013); of this group, 51.2% use some contraceptive method (p=0.000) Some of the reasons for not using, we can emphasize: unexpected sexual relations, "it was not thought of", shame to ask for them in pharmacies or doctor's offices and lack of money to acquire them, lack of conversation with the partner and perception of being invulnerable against a pregnancy. Conclusions: A tendency is observed to the diminution of precocio-us beginning of sexual relations in adolescents, also absence of contraceptive protection in the first sexual relation. The use of contraceptive methods is greater than those reported in other Chilean studies, factors related to the partner and conversations with health professionals are associated to their use, relieving the roll of health agents in the prevention of risks of sexual and reproductive health.

Palavras-chave : Contraception; adolescence; sexual activity.

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