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Revista chilena de obstetricia y ginecología

versión impresa ISSN 0048-766Xversión On-line ISSN 0717-7526

Resumen

RICCI A, Paolo. VULVODINIA: UN DIAGNÓSTICO OLVIDADO FRENTE AL DOLOR VULVAR. Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. [online]. 2010, vol.75, n.1, pp.64-76. ISSN 0048-766X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-75262010000100011.

Vulvodynia is a complex pathology and difficult to treat. In 1889 Skene was the first who write about this. However, only until 1976 the members of the International Society for Study of Vulvovaginal Diseases, recognized the vulvar pain as a disease entity. Prevalence estimated at 15% with an estimated 14 million women who suffer in the USA. A high number of gynaecologists do not know this diagnosis. For this reason women consult multiple times and to different doctors to reach a diagnosis. There are no specific tests for diagnosis. Finding in the clinical and physical examination are the main tools for this diagnosis. The different pathologies that could explain the presence of a chronic vulvar pain must be excluded. Undoubtedly its aetiology is multifactorial, involving changes in the number of nociceptors and alterations in the innerva-tions, and the presence of inflammatory factors that may be the starting point of this pathology, as it seeks to explain the neuropathic theory. However we can not ignore the psychosomatic theory in explaining the psychosexual disorders as a trigger vulvar pain, in these altered tissues. Based on these aspects there are now treatments that are more or less effective when are gradually associated for better results.

Palabras clave : Vulvar pain; vulvodynia; vulvar dysesthesia; chronic vulvar pain; vulvar vestibulitis.

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